Scientific Thinking


To elucidate the fundamental aspects of knowledge, its creation, its process and the method of scientific inquiry. To introduce the Navya Nyaya approach of model building. 

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Bharatiya Vijnan


To elucidate the fundamental aspects of knowledge, its creation, its process and the method of scientific inquiry. To introduce the Navya Nyaya approach of model building. 

Bharatiya Vijnan

About the Course


To elucidate the fundamental aspects of knowledge, its creation, its process and the method of scientific inquiry. To introduce the Navya Nyaya approach of model building. 

Expected  Outcomes

After the completion of this course, students will be able to 

  • Understand Model-based reasoning as the method of all scientific inquiry
  • Assess the robustness of scientific models according to criteria laid out in Vedic scientific system
  • Build robust scientific models for use in simulating real-world systems
  • Recontextualize Vedic shaastras as scientific models for a contemporary application. 

Target Audience

Students of STEM background at high school and UG levels


Unit1: The Process of Knowledge Creation

  • Knowledge Vs Knowledge system
  • What is science?
  • The Methods & tools of Science
  • Science vs Art
  • Approximate vs Exact sciences
  • Strengths & limits of scientific inquiry 
  • The subjective element in science 

Unit2: Introduction to Model-Based Reasoning

  • Models as compact representations of the observed reality
  • Types of models: Top-Down, Bottom-Up & Hybrid  
  • The methods of modeling: Abstraction & Classification 
  • The purpose of modeling: Explain, Predict & Control reality
  • Assessing the quality of a model   

Unit3: The Anatomy of a Model

  • What is a Model?
  • Basic entities/concepts/terms
    •   E.g., the Human body
  • States of those entities
    • E.g., Pleasure, Sorrow, Understanding
  • Structural / Functional relations among concepts
    • Structural E.g., the Body is part of the human system
    • Functional E.g., Conscious & sub-conscious
  • Actions that trigger transitions in the state of entities
    • E.g., Explain the path from one state to another along with triggering actions
  • How it represents a given question about the system

Unit4: Navya Nyaaya – A Systematic Model-building Method of India

  • Anubandha chatushtaya 
  • Uddesha, Lakshana, Pariiksha
  • How to make a definition – Lakshanakaranam
    • Common mistakes to avoid
      • Avyaapti
      • Ativyaapti
      • Asambhava
  • Introducing 7 padaarthas as building blocks of the universe
    • Dravya, Guna, Karma, Saamaanya, Vishesha, Samavaaya, Abhaava
  • Method of Nyaaya Darshana
    • Sambandha is a building block of the universe
    • Nyaaya’s categorization of sambandhas
      • Vaastava
      • Vaijnaanika
    • Understanding language as a reflection of reality
    • Universe as a gluing of padaarthas with sambandhas
  • Methods to arrive at truth 
    • Pratyaksha, Anumaana & Agama
    • Fallacies in Anumaana – Hetvaabhaasa


Unit5: Examples of Models

  • Periodic table
  • Number system
  • Quantum theory 

Unit6: Case study – How to Build Your Own Model of a System

  • Identifying Anubandha Chatushtaya of the study of a system
  • Identifying entities comprising the system
  • Defining the properties that categorize the entities 
  • Defining the actions possible on the entities 
  • Defining state transitions of those entities  


  • Continuous assessments
    • Weekly quizzes
  • Running assignment of model-building
  • Final project presentation and report
Bharatiya Vijnan

About the Scholar

Scholar Name: Prof. J. Suryanarayana

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Shri. J. Suryanarayana aims to groom a new generation who can co-relate the values of Sanatana studies in the contemporary world. His father, Shri. J. B. Sastry instilled in him a love for the study of Sanatana and Adhunatana (modern) disciplines. His traditional education spans Krishna Yajurveda Samhita, Vyakaranam, and Advaita Vedanta. He has successfully completed the Maha Pariksha in Tarka Shastra (Nyaya).  He has a rare combination of modern as well as Vedic qualifications and is adept in languages of Samskrit, Telugu, Hindi, English, Tamil, and Japanese. He has won the following awards for his work in Vedic Sciences: Shastra Kalanidhi by Governor, Madhya Pradesh; Tarka Ratnam and Vidwan Mani by HH Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swami, Head, Kanchi Mutt; and Veda Vidya Varishta by VSR Foundation, Hyderabad. His mainstream qualifications include BA (Samskrit), MA (Samskrit), MA (Nyaya Siromani), and MPhil, PG Diploma in Manuscriptology, and is currently pursuing Doctorate studies. His research works includes critical editing and commentary on ‘sAkshAtkAratva-lakShaNa vichAraH’ as a thesis in University of Madras commentary on ‘kAraka vichAraH’, Sri Venkateswara Vedic University, Tirupati critical editing of ‘Navyamata vichAraH’ and ‘pratibadhya pratibandhaka vichAra’. His diverse experience includes teaching at  Sri Venkateswara Veda Paathashala, Hyderabad; He is an adept online tutor including handling NRI students. Proficient at developing good audio-video content, his clients include Hindupedia, Vyoma Pathashala. His works have been published in śāstrārthadīpikā and māṇikyaprabhā magazines.

Scholar Name: Dr. Sai Susarla

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Dr. Sai Ramakrishna Susarla has a 20-year-long career in systems software research and development with multinational corporations. Most recently, he was a technical director at NetApp in Bengaluru.

He has a Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA, and an M.Tech in computer science from IIT Kanpur. He has close to 20 research publications and 30 patents in the areas of large-scale software architecture, data management, and analytics.

On a different side, he has a deep passion for and long association with the Samskrit language, Indian spirituality, and music. He has been a long-time tech volunteer for Samskrita Bharati, a social organization dedicated to spreading Samskrit literacy as a mass movement. His latest area of focus is making India’s native knowledge more accessible and understandable to the younger generation. He believes technology has a big role in bridging the gap between traditional and modern education in India. There is untapped potential for innovation in this space. But this requires training people to bring modern technology and Vedic studies together.

Bharatiya Vijnan

Course schedule and other details

Course Type: Cohort (Live sessions)

Credits 2 (L-T-P 1-0-1, Lecture 15 hours, Practical 30 hours)

Medium of Instruction: English

Target audience: Students of STEM background at high school and UG levels

Delivery: Live sessions



Bharatiya Vijnan


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